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THE ANTIQUITIES ACT, 1976

1Act No. VII OF 1976

[10th January, 1975]

An Act to repeal and re-enact the law relating to the preservation and protection of antiquities.

WHEREAS it is expedient to repeal and re-enact the law relating to the preservation and protection of antiquities and to provide for matters connected therewith or ancillary thereto;

It is hereby enacted as follows:—

1. Short title, extent and commence­ment. —(1) This Act may be called the Antiquities Act, 1975.

(2) It extends to the whole of Pakistan.

(3) It shall come into force at .

2. Definitions. In this Act, unless there is any thing repugnant ih the
subject of context,—

(a) "Advisory Committee" means the Advisory Com­mittee constituted under section 3;

2[(b) 'ancient', in relation to an antiquity, means an anti­quity which has been in existence for a period of not less than seventy-five years;]0

(c) "antiquity" means—

(i) any ancient product of human activity, movable or immovable, illustrative of art, architecture, craft, custom, literature, morals, politics, religion, warfare or science or of any aspect of civilization or culture,

(ii) any ancient object or site of historical, ethnogra­phical, anthropological, military or scientific interest,

(iii) any national monument, and

(iv) any other object or class of such objects declared by the Federal Government, by notification in the official Gazette, to be an antiquity for the purposes of this Act;

 


1For Statement of Objects and Reasons, see Gaz. of P., 1975, Ext., Pt. HI, p. 1541.
The Act has been applied to Provincially Administered Tribal Areas of N.W.F.P. with certain modifications, see Notifn. No. 14/43-505(II) (H.D)/80. dt. 29-1-81, see Gaz. of N.W.F.P, Ext., p.
2Subs. by the Antiquities (Amdt.) Act, 1992 (21 of 1992), s. 2, for clause (b).


 

 (d) "dealer" means a person engaged in the business of buying and selling antiquities; and "deal in antiqui­ties" means to carry on such business;

 

(e) 1[Director-General] means the 1[Director-General] of Archaeology, Government of Pakistan, and includes an officer authorised by him to exercise or perform all or any of the powers or functions of the 1[Director-General] under this Act;

(f) "export" means taking out of Pakistan by land, sea or air;

(g) "immovable antiquity" means an antiquity of any of the following descriptions, namely:—

(i) any archaeological deposit on land or under water,

(ii) any archaeological mound, tumulus, burial place or place of internment, or any ancient garden, structure, building, erection or other work of historical, archaeological military or scientific interest,

(iii) any rock, cave or other natural object of histori­cal, archaeological artistic or scientific interest or containing sculpture, engraving, inscription or painting of such interest, and includes—

(1) any gate, door, window, paneling, dado, ceiling, inscription, wall-painting, wood work, metal work or sculpture or any other thing which is attached or fastened to an immovable antiquity;

(2) the remains of an immovable antiquity;

(3) the site of an immovable antiquity;

(4) such portions of land or water adjoining the site of an immovable antiquity as are reasonably required for fencing or covering or otherwise preserving such antiquity;

 


1Subs. by the Antiquities (Amdt.) Act, 1992 (21 of 1992), s. 2, for "Director".


 

(5) the reasonable means of access to, and convenient inspection of an immovable antiquity; and

(6) any urban site, street, group of buildings or public square of special value which the Federal Government, being of the opinion that its preservation is a matter of public interest by reason of its arrangement, architecture or materials of construction, by notification in the official Gazette, declares to be an immovable antiquity for the purposes of this Act;

(h) “national monument” means any building, structure, erection, place of internment, garden, portion of land or any other place or thing of national importance as may be determined and notified as such from time to time by the Federal Government in consultation with the Advisory Committee;

(i) “owner” includes—

(i) any person legally competent to act on behalf of the owner, when by reason of infancy or other disability the owner is unable to act;

(ii) a joint owner invested with powers of manage­ment on behalf of himself and other joint owners and the successor in interest of such owner; and

(iii) any manager or trustee exercising the powers of management and the successor in office of such manager or trustee;

(j) "protected antiquity" means an antiquity which isdeclared under section 10 to be a protected antiquity; and

(k) "rules" means rules made under this Act.

3.Advisory Committee.l[(l) For the purposes of this Act, the Federal Govern­ment shall, by notification in the Official Gazette, constitute an Advisory Committee comprising of such members, including one member each from the Senate and the National Assembly, as may be deemed necessary. The Chairman of the Advisory Committee shall be the member of Parliament.]

(2) No act or proceeding of the Advisory Committee shall be deemed to be invalid by reason only of the existence of a vacancy in, or defect in the constitution of, the Committee.

4. Dispute as to whether any product etc., is an antiquity. If any question arises whether any product, object or site is an antiquity within the meaning of this Act it shall be referred to the Federal Government which shall, after consultation with the Advisory Committee, decide the same; and the decision of the Federal Government shall be final.

 


1Subs. by the Antiquities (Amdt.) Act, 1992 (21 of 1992), s. 4, for sub­-section (1).


 

5. Custody, preservation etc., of certain antiquities.— (1)Where the 1[Director General] receives any information or otherwise has the knowledge of the discovery or existence of an antiquity of which there is no owner, he shall, after satisfying himself as to the correctness of the information or knowledge, take such steps as he may consider necessary for the custody, preservation and protection of the antiquity.

(2) Where the owner of an antiquity is not traceable, the 1[Director General] may, with the approval of the Federal Government, take such as he may consider necessary for the custody, preservation and protection of the antiquity.

2[5A Accidental discovery of antiquity to be reported, to 1[Director-General].—(1) Whoever discovers, or finds accidentally any movable antiquity shall inform the 1[Director General] within seven days of its being discovered or found and preserve it for the period specified in sub-section (2).

(2) If, within seven days of his being informed under sub­-section (1) of the discovery of a movable antiquity or of a movable antiquity having been found, the 1[Director General] decides to take over the antiquity for purposes of custody, preservation and protection the person discovering or finding it shall hand it over to the 1[Director General] or a person authorised by him in writing.

3[(3) Where the Director General decides to take over an antiquity he may pay to the person by whom it is handed over to him such cash reward as the Advisory Committee may deem fit.]

(4) If any person who discovers or finds any movable antiquity contravenes the provisions of sub-section (1) or sub­-section (2), he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both, and; the court convicting such person shall direct that the antiquity in respect of which such contravention has taken place shall stand forfeited to the Federal Government.]

6. Power of entry, inspection, etc.__(1) The 4[Director General] may, after giving reasonable notice, enter into, inspect and examine any premises, place or area which or the sub‑soil of which ha may have reason to believe to be, or to contain an antiquity and may cause any site, building, object or any antiquity or the remains of any antiquity in such premises, place or area to be photo graphed, copied or reproduced by any process suitable for the purpose.

(2) The owner or occupier of the premises, place or area shall afford all reasonable opportunity and assistance to the 4[Director General] for the purpose of sub-section (1).

(3) No photograph, copy or reproduction taken or made under or for the purposes of sub-section (1) shall be sold or offered for sale except by or with the consent of the owner of the object of which the photograph, copy‑ or reproduction has been taken or made.

(4) Where substantial damage is caused to any property as a result of the inspection under sub-section (1), the 1[Director General] shall pay to the owner thereof reasonable compensation for the damage.

 

1Subs. by the Antiquities (Amdt.) Act, 1992 (21 of 1992), s. 2, for "Director".
2Section 5A ins. by the Antiquities (Amdt.) Ordinance, 1978 (42 of 1978), s. 2.
3Subs. by Act. 2l Of 1992, s. 5, for sub-section (3).
4Subs. by the Antiquities (Amdt.) Act, 1992 (21 of 1992), s. 2, for "Director".


 

7. Acquisition of land containing antiquities. If the Federal Government has reasonable grounds to believe that any land contains any antiquity it may direct the Provincial Government to acquire such land or any part thereof; and the Provincial Government shall thereupon acquire such land or part under the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (I of 1894), as for a public purpose.

8. Purchase, taking lease, etc., of antiquity.‑(1) The 1[Director General] may, with the previous sanction of the Federal Government, purchase, or take lease or accept a gift or bequest of, an antiquity.

(2) The 1[Director General] may receive voluntary contributions and donations for the acquisition, preservation or restoration of antiquities and may make suitable arrangements for the management and application of the fund created by such contributions and donations:

Provided that a contribution or donation made for any specified purpose shall not be applied to any purpose other than that for which it has been made.

9. Right of pre‑emption in case of a sale of antiquity.__(1) Where the 1[Director General] receives any information or otherwise has the knowledge that any antiquity or any immovable property containing an antiquity is offered for sale or is about to be sold, he may, with the approval of the Federal Government, exercise the right of pre‑emption with respect to such antiquity or property and, if he intends to exercise the right, shall give to the person (2) If the 1[Director General] does not exercise with respect to any antiquity or property the right of pre‑emption within a period of three months from the date of notice given under subsection (l), the antiquity or property may be sold to any person after the expiry of the said period and a notice of such sale shall be given to the 1[Director General].

(3) Save as provided in sub-section (2), no antiquity or property in respect of which a notice under sub-section (1) has been given shall be sold to any person.

(4) All sales in contravention of sub-section (3) shall be void and the antiquity or property so sold shall be forfeited to the Federal Government.

10. Declaration of protected antiquities.__ (1) The Federal Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, declare any antiquity to be a protected antiquity for the purposes of this Act.

(2) A copy of a notification under sub-section (1) shall be served on the owner of the antiquity and; in the case of an immovable antiquity, shall also be fixed up in a conspicuous place of or near the antiquity.

 


1Subs. by the Antiquities (Amdt.) Act, 1992 (21 of 1992), s. 2, for “Director”.


(3) A notification under sub-section (1) shall, unless it is cancelled by the Federal Government, be conclusive evidence of the fact that the antiquity to which it relates is a protected antiquity for the purposes of this Act.

(4) Antiquities declared to be protected antiquities under the Antiquities Act, 1968 (XIV of 1968), and ancient monuments deemed to be protected antiquities for the purposes of that Act, shall be deemed to be protected antiquities for the purposes of this Act.

11. Representation against declaration of protected antiquities. (1) The owner of an antiquity to which a notification under section 10 relates, or any person having any right or interest in the antiquity, may, within three months of the service of a copy of the notification, make a representation in writing to the Federal Government against the notification.

(2) Upon the receipt of a representation under sub-section (1) against a notification, the Federal Government, after giving the person making it an opportunity of being heard and after consultation with the Advisory Com­mittee, may, if it is satisfied that there are good and sufficient reasons for objection to the notification, cancel it.

12. The guardianship of antiquity by agreement. (1) The owner of any immovable antiquity or protected antiquity may, by an agreement in writing constitute the 1[Director General] the guardian of such antiquity and the 1[Director General] may, with the previous sanction of the Federal Government, accept such guardianship.

(2) Where the 1[Director General] has accepted the guardianship of an antiquity in pursuance of an agreement under sub-section (1), the owner shall, except as expressly provided in this Act and in the agreement, have the same right, title and interest in and to the antiquity as if the 1[Director General] had not been constituted the guardian thereof.

(3) An agreement under this section in relation to an antiquity may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:

(a) the maintenance of an antiquity;

(b) the custody of the antiquity and the duties of any person who may be employed to watch it;

(c) the restrictions upon the right of the owner to alienate, destroy, remove, alter or deface the antiquity or to build on or near the site of the antiquity;

(d) the facilities of access to be allowed to the public;

 


1Subs. by the Antiquities (Amdt.) Act, 1992 (21 of 1992), s. 2, for “Director”.


(e) the facilities to be allowed to persons deputed by the owner or the 1[Director General] for inspection aid maintenance of the antiquity;

(f ) the expenses to be incurred in connection with the preservation of the antiquity and payment of such expenses if incurred by the owner;

(g) compensation to be paid for any loss sustained by the owner or occupier or any other person as a result of the enforcement or observance of the agreement; and

(h) any other matter connected with the custody, management and preservation of the antiquity.

(4) The terms of an agreement under this section may be altered from time to time with the sanction of the Federal Government and with the consent of the owner.

(5) An agreement under this section in relation to an antiquity may be terminated upon six months' notice in writing given by the 1[Director General], with the previous sanction of the Federal Government, to the owner or by the owner to the 1[Director General].

13. Purchasers at certain sales and persons claiming through owner bound by agreement entered into by owner. Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, every person who, at a sale for the recovery of arrears of land revenue or any other public demand, purchases any land or property, or any right or interest in land or property, which contains or in which is situated an antiquity in respect of which an agreement under section 12 subsists, and every person claiming any title to any antiquity from, through or under an owner who entered into such agreement, shall be bound by such agreement.

2[13A. Ownership of buried antiquities. Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, the ownership of all buried antiquities shall vest in the Federal Government.]

14. Application of endowment for maintenance and preservation of antiquity. (1) Where any endowment has been created for the maintenance and preservation of any protected antiquity, or for that purpose among others, and the owner or other person competent in this behalf fails in the proper application of such endowment and, when proposed to him by the 3[Director General], refuses or fails to enter into an agreement under section 12, the 3[Director General] may, for the proper application of such endowment or part thereof, institute a suit in the Court of the District Judge, or, where the estimated cost of maintaining and preserving the antiquity does not exceed on thousand rupees, make an application to the District Judge.

(2) On the bearing of an application under sub-section (1), the District Judge may summon and examine the owner and any person whose evidence appears to him necessary, and may pass an order for the proper application of the endowment or of any part thereof, and any such order may be executed as if it were the decree of a Civil Court.

 


1Subs, by the Antiquities (Amdt.) Act, 1992 (21 of 1992), s. 2, for "Director".
2New section I3Ains. ibid., s. 6.
3Subs. by the Antiquities (Amdt.) Act, 1992 (21 of 1992), s. 2, for "Director".


15. Compulsory acquisition of protected Immovable antiquity. (1) If the Federal Government apprehends that a protected immovable antiquity is in danger of being destroyed, injured or allowed to fall into decay, it may, 1* * * direct the Provincial Government to acquire such antiquity or any part thereof ; and the Provincial Government shall thereupon acquire such antiquity or part under the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (I of 1894), as for a public purpose.

(2) The power of compulsory acquisition under sub-section (1) shall not be exercised in the case of

(a) any antiquity which or any part of which is periodically used for religious observances ; or

(b) any antiquity which is the subject of a subsisting agreement under section 12 [.]2

3* * * * * * *

16. Compulsory acquisition of movable antiquities. (1) If the Federal Government is of the opinion that any movable antiquity should, by reason of its cultural, historical or archaeological importance, be acquired for the purpose of preservation, the Federal Government may, by order in writing addressed to the owner, acquire such antiquity:

Provided that the power to acquire under this subsection shall not extend to

(a) any image or symbol in actual use for the purpose of any religious observance ; or

(b) anything which the owner desires to retain on any reasonable ground personal to himself or to any of his ancestors or to any member of his family.

(2) When an order under sub-section (1) has been served upon the owner, the antiquity to which the order relates shall immediately vest in the Federal Government free from all encumbrances and the owner shall be entitled to compensation, the amount of which shall be determined in the manner, and in accordance with the principles, hereinafter set out, that is to say,

(a) where the amount of compensation can be fixed by agreement, it shall be paid in accordance with such agreement ;

(b) where no such agreement can be reached, the Federal Government shall appoint as arbitrator a person who has been, or is qualified for appoint­ment as, a Judge of a High Court;

(c) at the commencement of the proceedings b.‑fore the arbitrator, the Federal Government and the person to be compensated shall state what in their respective opinions is a fair amount of compensation ;

 


2The words "after consultation with the Advisory Committee" omitted by the Antiquities (Amdt.) Act, 1976 (6 of 1976), s. 2, (w.e.f. 2-8-76).
3Subs. ibid., s. 2, or "; or".
4Clause(c) omitted ibid., (w.e.f. 2-8-76).


(d) the arbitrator in making his award shall have regard to the price which the antiquity is likely to fetch on a sale in open market between a buyer and a seller independent of each other;

(e) an appeal shall lie to the High Court against any award of an arbitra­tor except in case where the amount thereof does not exceed an amount prescribed in this behalf by rules ; and

(f) save as provided in this subsection and in any rules made in this behalf, nothing in any law for the time being in force shall apply to arbitra­tions under this subsection.

17. Protection of place of worship from misuse, etc. (1) A place of worship or shrine, being an antiquity maintained by the Federal Government, shall not be used for any purpose inconsistent with its character.

(2) A place of worship or shrine in respect of which the 1[Director General] has accepted guardianship in pursuance of an agreement under section 12 shall, unless the agreement otherwise provides, be maintained by the person in whom it is vested or, if there is no such person, by the Federal Government.

(3) Where any antiquity in respect of which the Federal Government has acquired any right under this Act or the 1[Director General] has accepted guardianship is periodically used for religious worship or observance by any community, the 1[Director General] shall provide for the protection of such antiquity from pollution or desecration

(a) by prohibiting the entry therein, except in accordance with the con­ditions prescribed with the concurrence of the person in charge of the antiquity, of any person not entitled so to enter by the religious usages of the community by which the antiquity is used ; and

(b) by taking with the concurrence of the person in charge of the anti­quity such other action as he may think necessary for the purpose.

(4) Whoever contravenes the provisions of sub-section (3) shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months, or with fine, or with both.

18. Restriction on use of protected immovable antiquity. A protected im­movable antiquity shall not be used for any purpose inconsistent with its character or for a purpose other than that directly related to its administration and preservation.

 


1Subs. by the Antiquities (Amdt.) Act, 1992 (21 of 1992), s. 2, for “Director”


19. Prohibition, of destruction, damage, etc., of protected antiquities.­(1) No person shall, except for carrying out the purposes of this Act, destroy, break, damage, alter, injure, deface or mutilate or scribble, write or engrave any inscription or sign on, any antiquity or take manure from any protected antiquity.

(2) Whoever contravenes the provisions of sub-section (1) shall be punishable with rigorous imprisonment, for a, term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.

(3) The Court trying an offence under sub-section (2) play direct that the whole or any part of the fine recovered shall be applied in defraying the expenses of restoring the antiquity to the condition in which it was before the commission of the offence.

20. Restriction on repairs, renovation, etc., of protected immovable anti­quity. (1) The owner of a protected immovable antiquity shall not make and alteration or renovation in, or addition to, the antiquity:

Provided that he may, with the permission of the 1[Director General], make minor adjustments considered necessary for the day to day use of the antiquity:

Provided further that the work for which permission has been given shall be carried out under the supervision of the 1[Director General] or a person authorised by him in this behalf.

(2) Whoever contravenes the provisions of sub-section (1) shall be punish­able with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine, or with both.

21. Direction to the owner to take measures for preservation of antiquity. (1) Where the 1[Director General] considers that any antiquity is not being preserved or conserved properly by its owner, the 1[Director General] may, by order in writing, direct the owner to take such measures for its proper preservation and conservation, and within such time, as may be specified in the order.

(2) If the owner fails to take the measures specified in the order referred to in sub-section (1), the 1[Director General] may take all such measures in respect of the antiquity and the expenses incurred for the purpose shall be recoverable from the owner as an arrear of land revenue.

22. Execution of development schemes and new constructions in proximity to immovable antiquity. Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, no development plan or scheme or new construction on, or within a distance of two hundred feet of, a protected immovable antiquity shall be undertaken or executed except with the approval of the 1[Director General].

23. Prohibition of bill posting, neon signs, other kinds of advertisements, etc. (1) No person shall put any neon signs or other kinds of advertise­ment, including bill posting, commercial signs, poles or pylons, electricity or telephone cables and television aerials, on or near any protected immovable antiquity.

(2) Whoever contravenes the provision of sub-section (1) shall be punish­able with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees, or with both.

 


1Subs. by the Antiquities (Amdt.) Act, 1992 (21 of 1992), s. 2, for “Director”


(3) The Court trying an offence under sub-section (2) may direct that the whole or any part of the fine recovered shall be applied in defraying the expenses of restoring the antiquity to the condition in which it was before the commission of the offence.

24. Penalty for counterfeiting, of antiquity. (1) Whoever counterfeits, or commits forgery in respect of any antiquity with intent to commit fraud or knowing to be likely that fraud will thereby be committed, or causes anything to appear like, or to be believed to be, an antiquity with intent to cause wrongful gain to one person or wrongful loss to another person shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months or with fire, or with both.

(2) The Court trying an offence under sub-section (1) may direct that any­thing the making or forging of which has constituted such offence shall stand forfeited to the Federal Government.

25. Dealing in antiquities. (1) No person shall deal in antiquities except under, and in accordance with, a licence granted by the 1[Director General].

(2) Every dealer shall maintain a register in such manner and form as the 1[Director General] may prescribe from time to time.

(3) A licence granted under sub-section (1) may be cancelled by the 1[Director General] for the breach of any condition of the licence.

(4) The Director may, with a view to securing compliance with the pro­visions of this section,

(a) require any person dealing in antiquities to give such information in his possession with respect to any business carried on by him as the1[Director General] may demand ;

(b) inspect or cause to be inspected any book, register or other document belonging to or under the control of any person dealing in antiqui­ties ; and

(c) enter and search, or authorise any officer subordinate to him to enter and search, any premises and seize, or authorise any such officer or a police officer, to seize, any antiquity in respect of which he has reason to believe that a contravention of any provision of this section or a breach of any condition of the licence has been committed.

(5) Whoever contravenes the provisions of this section shall be punishable with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.

(6) The Court trying an offence under sub-section (5) may direct that any antiquity in respect of which the offence has been committed shall stand for­feited to the Federal Government.

 


1Subs. by the Antiquities (Amdt.) Act, 1992 (21 of 1992), s. 2, for “Director”


26. Export of antiquities. (1) No person shall export any antiquity except under a licence to be granted by the 1[Director General]

(a) for the temporary export of antiquities for the purpose of exhibition, examination or treatment for preservation ; or

(b) in accordance with agreements with foreign licences for archaeo­logical exploration and excavations within the term of their licences ; or

(c) for the export of antiquities which are not of a unique nature in ex­change for antiquities of any foreign country.

(2) All antiquities the export of which is prohibited under sub-section (1) shall be deemed to be goods of which the export has been prohibited under section 16 of the Customs Act, 1969 (IV of 1969), and all the provisions of that Act shall have effect accordingly, except that the antiquity in respect of which the provisions of that Act have been contravened shall be confiscated where confiscation is authorised under that Act.

27. Traffic in movable antiquities. (1) If the Federal Government appre­hends that movable antiquities in any place in Pakistan are being sold or removed to the detriment of Pakistan, it may, by notification in the official Gazette, prohibit or restrict the movement of any such antiquity or any class of such antiquities for such period and between such places in Pakistan as may be specified in the notification, except with, and in accordance with the terms of, the written permission of the 1[Director General].

(2) Whoever contravenes the provisions of a notification under sub-­section (1) shall be punishable with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to three year, or with fine, or with both.

(3) The Court trying an offence under sub-section (2) may direct that any antiquity in respect of which the offence has been committed shall stand for­feited to the Federal Government.

28. Regulation of mining, quarrying etc. (1) If the Federal Government is of the opinion that for the purpose of protecting or preserving any immovable antiquity it is necessary so to do, it may, by notification in the official Gazette, prohibit or restrict, within such area as may be specified therein, mining, quarying, excavating. blasting and other operations of a like nature, or the movement of heavy vehicles, except under and in the accordance with the terms of a licence granted by the 1[Director General] and rules, if any, made in this behalf.

(2) Any owner or occupier of land who sustains any loss by reason of any prohibition or restriction by a notification under sub-section (1) shall be paid reasonable compensation for such loss.

(3) Whoever contravenes the provisions of sub-section (1) shall be punish­able with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine, or with both.

 


1Subs. by the Antiquities (Amdt.) Act, 1992 (21 of 1992), s. 2, for “Director”


29. Prohibition of archaeological excavation or exploration without licence. (1) No person shall make on any land any excavation or exploration for archaeological purposes, or unearth or attempt to unearth or make any digging in any land or site for taking out antiquities, except under, and in accordance with, a licence granted by the 1[Director General].

(2) A licence under sub-section (1) in respect of any land shall not be granted to any person other than the owner of the land except in accordance with the term of an agreement with the owner, and any such agreement may provide for

(a) the restriction of the owner's rights in respect of the use and occupa­tion of such land ;

(b) the compensation or any other consideration to be paid to the owner ; and

(c) any other matter connected with the use of the land for the purpose of such excavation.

(3) A licence under sub-section (1) shall not be refused to an owner if he undertakes to carry on the excavation in such manner that it will not result in the loss of archaeological or historical material which in the national interest should be preserved.

(4) Whoever contravenes the provisions of sub-section (1) shall be punish­able with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.

(5) The Court trying an offence under sub-section (4) may direct that any object found in the course of an excavation, exploration, unearthing or digging constituting such offence shall stand forfeited to the Federal Government.

30. Prohibition of making copies of protected antiquities without licence. No person shall, for any commercial purpose, make a cinematograph film of any protected antiquity or any part thereof except under, and in accordance with, a licence granted by the 1[Director General].

31. Right of access to protected immovable antiquities. Subject to the provisions of this Act and the rules, the public shall have a right of access to any immovable protected antiquity maintained by the Federal Government under this Act.

32. Penalty. A contravention of any provision of this Act or the rules shall, where no punishment has been specifically provided, be punishable with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees, or with both.

 


1Subs. by the Antiquities (Amdt.) Act, 1992 (21 of 1992), s. 2, for “Director”


2[33. Jurisdiction to try offence. No Court inferior to that of a Magistrate of the first class shall take cognizance of or try an offence punishable under this Act].

34. Power to arrest without warrant. 3[(1) The 1[Director General] or any officer duly empowered by him in this behalf may arrest without warrant any person against whom reasonable ground to believe that he has committed an offence under sections 5A, 19, 25, 26, 27 or 29.]

(2) Subject to sub-section (3), every person arrested under sub-section (1) shall be taken forthwith to the officer-in‑charge of the nearest police station.

(3) The 1[Director General] or the officer arresting any person, or the officer‑in charge of a police station to whom any person is taken under sub-section (2), shall either admit him to bail to appear before the Magistrate having jurisdic­tion or have him taken in custody before such Magistrate.

35. Confiscated antiquities to be made over to 1[Director General]. Any antiquity which is confiscated or forfeited under this Act shall be made over to the 1[Director General] for custody, preservation and protection.

36. Indemnity. No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against Government or any person for any thing which is in good faith done or intended to be done under this Act.

37. Power to make rules. (1) The Federal Government may after previous publication, make rules for carrying out the purposes of this Act.

(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for

(a) the form and the conditions of any licence granted under this Act ;
(b) regulation of admission of the public to any immovable protected antiquity ;
(c) the levy of fees for the grant of any licence under this Act and for admission of the public to an immovable protected antiquity ;
(d) the procedure to be followed in arbitrations, the principles to be followed in apportioning the costs of proceedings before the arbitrator and on appeal, and the maximum amount of an award against which no appeal shall lie, under sub-section (2) of section 16 ;
(e) such other matters as are or may be required for carrying into effect the provisions of this Act.

(3) Rules made under this section may provide that the contravention of any of the provisions thereof or of any condition of a licence granted under this Act shall be punishable with fine which may extend to 2[two hundred thousand] rupees.

38. [Repeal] Omitted by the Federal Laws (Revision and Declaration) Ordinance, 1981 (XXVII of 1981), s. 3 and Sch., II.

 


1Subs. by the Antiquities (Amdt.) Act, 1992 (21 of 1992), s. 2, for "Director".
2Subs. ibid., s. 7, for section 33.
3Subs. by the Antiquities (Amdt.) Ordinance, 1978 (42 of 1978), s. 3, for section 34.