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CONSTITUTION OF SAUDI ARABIA ,  1992

 

Chapter 1

General Principles

 

Article 1

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a sovereign Arab Islamic state with Islam as its religion; God's Book and the Sunnah of His Prophet, God's prayers and peace be upon him, are its constitution, Arabic is its language and Riyadh is its capital.

 

Article 2

The state's public holidays are Id al-Fitr and Id al-Adha. Its calendar is the Hegira calendar.

 

Article 3

The state's flag shall be as follows:

(a) It shall be green.

(b) Its width shall be equal to two-thirds of it's length.

(c) The words "There is but one God and Mohammed is His Prophet" shall be inscribed in the center with a drawn sword under it. The statute shall define the rules pertaining to it.

 

Article 4

The state's emblem shall consist of two crossed swords with a palm tree in the upper space between them. The statute shall define the state's anthem and its medals.

 

 

Chapter 2

Monarchy

 

Article 5

(a) The system of government in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is that of a monarchy.

(b) Rule passes to the sons of the founding King, Abd al-Aziz Bin Abd al-Rahman al-Faysal Al Sa'ud, and to their children's children. The most upright among them is to receive allegiance in accordance with the principles of the Holy Koran and the Tradition of the Venerable Prophet.

(c) The King chooses the Heir Apparent and relieves him of his duties by Royal order.

(d) The Heir Apparent is to devote his time to his duties as an Heir Apparent and to whatever missions the King entrusts him with.

(e) The Heir Apparent takes over the powers of the King on the latter's death until the act of allegiance has been carried out.

 

Article 6

Citizens are to pay allegiance to the King in accordance with the holy Koran and the tradition of the Prophet, in submission and obedience, in times of ease and difficulty, fortune and adversity.

 

Article 7

Government in Saudi Arabia derives power from the Holy Koran and the Prophet's tradition.

 

Article 8 [Government Principles]

Government in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is based on the premise of justice, consultation, and equality in accordance with the Islamic SHARIAH.

 

 

Chapter 3

Features of the Saudi Family

 

Article 9

The family is the kernel of Saudi society, and its members shall be brought up on the basis of the Islamic faith, and loyalty and obedience to God, His Messenger, and to guardians; respect for

and implementation of the law, and love of and pride in the homeland and its glorious history as the Islamic faith stipulates.

 

Article 10

The state will aspire to strengthen family ties, maintain its Arab and Islamic values and care for all its members, and to provide the right conditions for the growth of their resources and capabilities.

 

Article 11

Saudi society will be based on the principle of adherence to God's command, on mutual cooperation in good deeds and piety and mutual support and inseparability.

 

Article 12

The consolidation of national unity is a duty, and the state will prevent anything that may lead to disunity, sedition and separation.

 

Article 13

Education will aim at instilling the Islamic faith in the younger generation, providing its members with knowledge and skills and preparing them to become useful members in the building of their society, members who love their homeland and are proud of its history.

 

 

Chapter 4

Economic Principles

Article 14

All God's bestowed wealth, be it under the ground, on the surface or in national territorial waters, in the land or maritime domains under the state's control, are the property of the state as defined by law. The law defines means of exploiting, protecting, and developing such wealth in the interests of the state, its security and economy.

 

Article 15

No privilege is to be granted and no public resource is to be exploited without a law.

 

Article 16

Public money is sacrosanct. The state has an obligation to protect it and both citizens and residents are to safeguard it.

 

Article 17

Property, capital, and labor are essential elements in the Kingdom's economic and social being. They are personal rights which perform a social function in accordance with Islamic SHARIAH.

 

Article 18

The state protects freedom of private property and its sanctity. No one is to be stripped of his property except when it serves the public interest, in which case fair compensation is due.

 

Article 19

Public confiscation of money is prohibited and the penalty of private confiscation is to be imposed only by a legal order.

 

Article 20

Taxes and fees are to be imposed on a basis of justice and only when the need for them arises. Imposition, amendment, revocation and exemption is only permitted by law.

 

Article 21

Alms tax is to be levied and paid to legitimate recipients.

 

Article 22

Economic and social development is to be achieved according to a just and scientific plan.

 

 

 

Chapter 5

Rights and Duties

Article 23 [Islam]

The state protects Islam; it implements its SHARIAH; it orders people to do right and shun evil; it fulfills the duty regarding God's call.

 

Article 24 [Holy Places]

The state works to construct and serve the Holy Places; it provides security and care for those who come to perform the pilgrimage and minor pilgrimage in them through the provision of facilities and peace.

 

Article 25 [World Peace]

The state strives for the achievement of the hopes of the Arab and Islamic nation for solidarity and unity of word, and to consolidate its relations with friendly states.

 

Article 26 [Human Rights]

The state protects human rights in accordance with the Islamic SHARIAH.

 

Article 27 [Welfare Rights]

The state guarantees the rights of the citizen and his family in cases of emergency, illness and disability, and in old age; it supports the system of social security and encourages institutions and individuals to contribute in acts of charity.

 

Article 28 [Work]

The state provides job opportunities for who-ever is capable of working; it enacts laws that protect the employee and employer.

 

Article 29 [Science, Culture]

The state safeguards science, literature and culture; it encourages scientific research; it protects the Islamic and Arab heritage and contributes toward the Arab, Islamic and human civilization.

 

Article 30 [Education]

The state provides public education and pledges to combat illiteracy.

 

Article 31 [Health Care]

The state takes care of health issues and provides health care for each citizen.

 

Article 32 [Environment, Nature]

The state works for the preservation, protection, and improvement of the environment, and for the prevention of pollution.

 

Article 33 [Armed Forces]

The state establishes and equips the Armed Forces for the defence of the Islamic religion, the Two Holy Places, society, and the citizen.

 

Article 34 [Military Service]

The defence of the Islamic religion, society, and country is a duty for each citizen. The regime establishes the provisions of military service.

 

Article 35 [Citizenship]

The statutes define the Regulations governing Saudi Arabian nationality.

 

Article 36 [Arrest]

The state provides security for all its citizens and all residents within its territory and no one shall be arrested, imprisoned, or have their actions restricted except in cases specified by statutes.

 

Article 37 [Home]

The home is sacrosanct and shall not be entered without the permission of the owner or be searched except in cases specified by statutes.

 

Article 38 [Punishment, nulla poena]

Penalties shall be personal and there shall be no crime or penalty except in accordance with the SHARIAH or organizational law. There shall be no punishment except for acts committed subsequent to the coming into force of the organizational law.

 

Article 39 [Expression]

Information, publication, and all other media shall employ courteous language and the state's regulations, and they shall contribute to the education of the nation and the bolstering of its unity. All acts that foster sedition or division or harm the state's security and its public relations or detract from man's dignity and rights shall be prohibited. The statutes shall define all that.

 

Article 40 [Communication]

Telegraphic, postal, telephone, and other means of communications shall be safeguarded. They cannot be confiscated, delayed, read or listened to except in cases defined by statutes.

 

Article 41 [Residents’ Duties]

Residents of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia shall abide by its laws and shall observe the values of Saudi society and respect its traditions and feelings.

 

Article 42 [Asylum, Extradition]

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