An Ordinance to provide for constitution and regulation of 

Surrey of Pakistan

[Gazette of Pakistan, Extraordinary, Part-I, 1st July, 2013]

No. F. 2(1)/2013-Pub.—The following Ordinance promulgated by the President is hereby published for general information:-

WHEREAS in the view of prevailing circumstances it is expedient to constitute Survey of Pakistan to provide for the regulation of surveying and mapping activities and for the matters connected therewith or ancillary thereto;

AND WHEREAS it is necessary to provide for speedy disposal of such cases and execution in matters connected therein or ancillary thereto;

AND WHEREAS the Senate and the National Assembly are not in session and the President is satisfied that circumstances exist which render it necessary to take immediate action;

Now, THEREFORE, in exercise of the powers conferred by clause (1) of Article 89 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the President is pleased to make and promulgate the following Ordinance:—




1.       Short title, extent and commencement.—(1) This Ordinance may called the Surveying and Mapping Ordinance, 2013.

(2)     It extends to the whole of Pakistan.

(3)     It shall come into force at once.

2.       Definitions.—In this Ordinance, unless there is anything, repugnant in the subject or context,—

(i)      "aerial photography" means the act of taking photographs of any portion of the earth with the help of cameras instated in an aircraft or any sort of airborne vehicle;

(ii)     "datum" means an arbitrarily selected reference point, plane or surface to which all measurements are referred including geodetic, vertical and gravimetric datum;

(iii)    "deposit works" means extra departmental jobs carried out on payment basis;

(iv)    "digital maps" means geographic maps produced through satellite images, GPS, total station data or digitized using mapping software;

(v)     "engineering maps" means the large-scale topographical maps on which engineering works of development projects are planned and designed, generally their scale is equivalent or larger than 1:10,000;

(vi)    "gravity datum" means the point to which all gravity measurements are referred;

(vii)   "Government department" means a department controlled by Federal or a Provincial Government and includes any autonomous body, authority or organization established by or under the Federal or a Provincial law or which is owned or controlled or administered by the Federal or a Provincial Government or in which the Federal or a Provincial Government have controlling share or interest and also includes any local Government;

(viii)  "geodetic datum" means the origin or a point to which all horizontal measurements are referred;

(ix)    "geographical maps" means maps that show general configuration of physical features of a certain area on a reference plane;

(x)     "geospatial data" means information collected in hard copy format or in digital format or any other format for the purposes of preparation of geographical or topographical data and its attributes, its processing and analysis;

(xi)    "imagery" means remotely sensed image of any resolution depicting any part of the earth and acquired or obtained using optical or, as the case may be, non-optical sensor;

(xii)   "local plane coordinate system" means a rectangular coordinate system generally used for large-scale mapping;

(xiii)  "mapping" means the art of map-making using specific datum, projection and scale and includes digital mapping;

(xiv)  "national co-ordinate system" means a plane coordinate system as notified by the Federal Government;

(xv)   "National Naming Authority" means the National Naming Authority established under Section 19;

(xvi)  "National Spatial Data Infrastructure" means a system of geospatial databases handling facilities capable of interacting with each other for effective use of geospatial data and include set of standards, specifications and policies defining a framework for collecting, sharing, disseminating, processing and carrying out analysis on geospatial data in the most cost effective manner with the key features to allow unrestricted, yet controlled sharing of data for decision support system at strategic, tactical and operational levels;

(xvii) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Ordinance;

(xviii)          "photogrammetry" means the art of taking measurements and map-making by using mono or, as the case may be, stereo image of the photographs taken by an aircraft or air borne vehicle or a satellite;

(xix)  "public survey" means a survey in respect of which details are included in the register of public surveys;

(xx)   "registered surveyor" means a person who is registered with the Survey of Pakistan as a land surveyor under this Ordinance and competent to carry out authorized type of survey work, processing and analysis;

(xxi)  "remote sensing" means the method and art by which characteristics of the objects of interest can be identified, classified, measured or analyzed without physical contact;

(xxii) "registered organization" means any organization or authority or agency of the Government, a private firm or organization duly registered with the Survey of Pakistan under this Ordinance and competent to carry out authorized type of survey work, processing and analysis;

(xxiii)          "survey" means the act of taking topographic surveying measurements and collection of spatial and non-spatial data for preparing geospatial database, its processing and analysis;

(xxiv)          "satellite" means an artificial body revolving around the earth at some distance;

(xxv) "Survey of Pakistan" means the department of Survey of Pakistan, which is the national surveying and mapping organization of Pakistan;

(xxvi)          "Surveyor General of Pakistan" means head of the department of Survey of Pakistan;

(xxvii) "survey mark" means benchmark pillar, iron bolt fixed in rock, a mark engraved on any building, a mark engraved on an in situ rock or a stone embedded in ground, a triangulation point protected by a cairn, a gravity pillar, a leveling benchmark, a fixed mark, hill station, monument or any other station or mark created by the Survey of Pakistan for the purpose of surveying and mapping;

(xxviii) "sub-standard work" means any survey work which does not conform to the approved specifications and standards as may be prescribed by the Survey of Pakistan;

(xxix)          "topographical data" means data, which shows detailed information about shape, size and relationship of all features and abstract information of the earth, including but not limited to natural and man-made objects or features, geographical names, administrative boundaries and information like elevation, hydrology, vegetation, population and others; and

(xxx) "vertical datum" means the surface to which all vertical measurements are referred and mean sea level is taken as vertical datum of a country.



3.       Constitution of Survey of Pakistan.—(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, the Survey of Pakistan" shall be deemed to have been established under this Ordinance.

(2)  For efficient administration of Survey of Pakistan, there shall be Surveyor General of Pakistan who shall be appointed by the Federal Government and there shall be other officers and staff as may be appointed by the Federal Government in the prescribed manner.

4.       Offices of Survey of Pakistan.—Survey of Pakistan shall have its head office at Rawalpindi or Islamabad and shall have offices at Federal, Provincial or district level and such other offices as the Survey of Pakistan may, by notification in the official Gazette, establish.

5.       Administration of Survey of Pakistan.—(1) Under this Ordinance,–

(a)     superintendence of Survey of Pakistan shall vest in the Federal Government; and

(b)     administration of Survey of Pakistan shall vest in, and be exercised by, the Surveyor General of Pakistan in accordance with the provisions of this Ordinance and the rules made thereunder.

6.       Functions of Survey of Pakistan.—For carrying out the purposes of this Ordinance, Survey of Pakistan shall—

(a)     be the sole national surveying and mapping organization of Pakistan;

(b)     determine and update geodetic datum and projection system of Pakistan using latest geodetic techniques and technologies;

(c)     determine and update vertical datum using data captured by Survey of Pakistan and obtained from Government departments, registered organizations or any other source having such installations along the coastal line of Pakistan;

(d)     delineate and demarcate international borders and relocate boundary pillars;

(e)     provide geodetic control, heights and geographical positions all over Pakistan;

(f)      advise Federal Government on the practices to be followed in the production of geospatial data as well as surveying and mapping practices and as the case may be in the collection and dissemination of this kind of information needed for geographical information systems (GIS) applications;

(g)     prepare geospatial data, remote sensing and geographical information system applications of the entire country on various scales as advised by the Federal Government and provide above services as a deposit work for a specific area with pre-defined specifications to the Provincial Governments, district and local governments and other clients from public as well as private sector;

(h)     carry out topographic survey, its updation and printing of topographic maps of national map series;

(i)      compile derived maps on various scales as required by the Federal Government;

(j)      generate maps on any scale through aerial photography and remote sensing using analytical and digital methods;

(k)     be responsible to prepare and print guide maps, provincial maps, district maps, road maps, tehsil maps and miscellaneous geographical maps for the whole of Pakistan;

(l)      establish and maintain National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) of Pakistan;

(m)    be responsible to survey and prepare cantonment areas maps;

(n)     train departmental employees and potential candidates from private sector in various disciplines of surveying, geographical and mapping in the Survey Training Institute at various levels;

(o)     control and coordinate surveying and mapping activities done by registered organizations and individuals and their registration process;

(p)     carry out magnetic survey of entire country in a cyclic order as prescribed by Survey of Pakistan for the purpose of magnetic declination;

(q)     have such other functions as are conferred or imposed on it by or under this Ordinance or any other law and;

(r)      perform such other functions as may be assigned by the Federal Government;

7.       Research and development activities.—(1) Survey of Pakistan shall encourage and collaborate research activities in the field of surveying and mapping, remote sensing, GIS and other fields related to the discipline of surveying, and mapping, cartography, instrument development and database with national and international organizations.

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