13. Pesticide laboratory.  —(1) As soon as may be after the commencement of this Ordinance, the Federal Government shall set up a Pesticide Laboratory suitably equipped to carry out the functions entrusted to it by or under this Ordinance.

(2) The functions of the Pesticide Laboratory and the mode of submission of samples for analysis or test to the Laboratory shall be such as may be prescribed.

(3) The secrecy of the formulae of brands of pesticides, samples of which are submitted to the Pesticide Laboratory for analysis or test, shall he duly safeguarded in the manner pres­cribed.

14.  Government Analyst.   The Federal Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, appoint as many persons as it deems fit to be Government Analysts for pesticides and, where it appoints more than one person to be Government Analysts, shall specify in the notification the local limits within which each one of them shall perform the functions of Government Analyst.

15.  Inspectors.  The Federal Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, appoint from amongst the officers of the Federal Government or a provincial Government employed for work relating to plant protection such number as it deems fit to be Inspectors within such local limits as may be specified in the notification.

16.  Powers of inspectors.   An Inspector may, within the local limits    for which he is appointed, enter upon any premises where pes­ticides are kept or stored, whether in containers or in bulk, by or on behalf of the owner, including premises belonging to a bailee, such as a railway, a shipping company or any other carrier, and may take samples therefrom for examination. No com­pensation shall be payable for a reasonable quantity taken as a sample.

17. Procedure of Inspectors.  —(1) Where an   Inspector takes a sample of a pesticide for the purpose of test or analysis under section 16, he shall intimate such purpose in writing in the prescribed form to the person from whose possession he takes it and, in the presence of such person (unless lie willfully absents himself), shall divide the sample into three portions and effectively seal and suitably mark the same and permit such person to add his own seal and mark to all or any of the portions so sealed and marked :

Provided that, where the pesticide is made up in containers of small volume, instead of dividing a sample as aforesaid, the Inspector may, and if the pesticide be such that it is likely to deteriorate or be otherwise damaged by exposure shall, take three of the said containers after suitably marking the same and, . where necessary, sealing them.

(2) The Inspector shall restore one portion of a sample so divided or one container, as the case may be, to the person from whom he takes it, and shall retain the remainder   and dispose of the same as follows :—

(i) he shall forthwith send one portion or container to the Government Analyst for test or analysis ; and

(ii) he shall send the second portion or container to the Federal Government.

18. Report of Government Analyst.  —(1) The Government Analyst to whom a sample of any pesticide has been forwarded by an Inspector under sub­section (2) of section 17 shall deliver to the Inspector, in tripli­cate in the prescribed form, a signed report of the result of the test or analysis conducted by him.

(2) The Inspector shall deliver one copy of the report receiv­ed by him to the person from whose possession the sample was taken and shall send one copy to the Federal Government.

(3) Any document purporting to be a report signed by the Government Analyst of an analysis conducted by him under this Chapter shall be conclusive evidence of the  particulars stated therein unless the person to whom the report has been delivered under sub-section (2) disputes the correctness of the analysis conducted by the Government Analyst and, within thirty days of the delivery of the report to him, places before the iFe era! Government evidence which in his opinion controverts the correctness of such analysis.

(4) Where the evidence placed before the Federal Govern­ment under sub-section (3) is such as would in its opinion justify a further investigation, it may cause a second part of the same sample to be analysed at the Pesticide Laboratory.

(5) After the sample forwarded to it by the Federal Govern­ment has been analysed by the Pesticide Laboratory, the Laboratory shall record the result of the analysis in a certificate of analysis and forward the certificate to the l Federal Govern­ment,

(6) A certificate of analysis prepared by the Pesticide Laboratory shall be conclusive evidence  of the facts stated therein.

19.   Publication of Results of test and analysis.  The Federal Government) may publish in such manner as it may deem fit the result of the test and analysis of a pesticide made by a Government Analyst or the Pesticide Laboratory under section 18 together with such other informa­tion relating thereto, if any, as it may consider necessary.    

20. Purchaser of Pesticide may have it tested or analysed.  —(1) Any person who has purchased a pesticide may apply to a Government Analyst to conduct a test or analysis of the pesticide.

(2) An application under sub-section (1) shall be made in such form and manner and be accompanied by such fee as may be prescribed.

(3) The Government Analyst to whom an application is made in accordance with sub-section (2) shall conduct the test or analysis and issue to the applicant a report signed by him of the test or analysis.

CHAPTER IV

MISCELLANEOUS

21.  Offences and penalties.  Any person who—

(a) sells, offers or exposes for sale, holds in stock for sale or advertises a registered brand of a pesticide which is not of the nature, substance or quality which it is represented to be by the brand or mark on the package containing it or, as the case may be, on the tag or label attached thereto ; or

(b) falsely represents a pesticide in an advertisement; or

(c) contravenes any of the provisions of this Ordinance or the rules for the contravention of which no other penalty is provided in this Ordinance, shall be punishable, for the first offence, with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees and for every subsequent offence with fine which shall not be less than two thousand rupees or more than three thousand rupees and in default of payment of any such fine with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year.       

22.  Manufactures warranty to dealers.  Whoever gives false warranty  to a dealer or pur­chaser in respect of a pesticide, that it complies in all respects with the provisions of this Ordinance shall, unless he proves that when he gave the warranty he had good reason to believe the same to be true, be punishable with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees.

23. Unlawful use of registration number, lowering of Pesticidal value or hindering the Inspector from perform­ing his duty. Any person who—

(a) unlawfully uses any registration number assigned or as if it had been assigned under this Ordinance, or

(b) willfully alters the composition of a pesticide by mix­ing any other substance therewith after the said pes­ticide has been placed on the market by the manu­facturer, importer or vendor, or

(c) willfully obstructs, hinders, resists, or in any way opposes any Inspector in performing his duties under this Ordinance,

shall be punishable with fine which shall not be less than two thousand and five hundred rupees or more than five thousand rupees or with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than one year or more than two years.

24. Entry and seizure. —(1) If an Inspector has reason to believe that an offence punishable under this Ordinance or the rules  made thereunder has been, is being or is about to be committed at any time or place, he may enter and search such place and seize any pesticide, article or thing to which the offence relates found therein.

(2) Any pesticide, article or thing seized under sub-section (1) shall be disposed of in accordance with the decision of the Court before which the offender is prosecuted for a contravention of any of the provisions of this Ordinance or the rules.

25. Power of court to order forfeiture. If any person is convicted of an offence punish­able under this Ordinance committed by him in respect of any pesticide, article or thing, the Court convicting him may further direct that the pesticide, article or thing shall be forfeited to the federal Government.

26. Cognizance of offences, etc.  —(1) No court inferior to that of a  Magistrate  of the first class shall try an offence punishable under this Ordinance.

(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in section 32 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898, it shall be lawful for any Magistrate of the first class to pass any sentence authorised by this Ordinance even if such sentence exceeds his powers under the said section 32.

27.  Power to try offences summarily.  Any Magistrate of the first class or any bench of Magistrates invested with the powers of a Magistrate of the first class empowered for the time being to try in a summary way the offences specified in sub-section (1) of section 260 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898, may, on application in this behalf being made by the prosecution, try in accordance with the provisions contained in section 262 to 265 of that Code, any offence punishable under section 21.

28. Indemnity.  No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against any person for anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done under this Ordinance or the rules.

29.—Power to make rules.  (1) The Federal Government may, in consultation with

the Agriculture Pesticide Technical Advisory Committee and after previous publication in the official Gazette, make rules for carry­ing the provisions of this Ordinance into effect.

(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely :—

(a) the nomenclature of every form of plant and ani­mal life that shall be deemed to be insects, fungi or other plant or animal pests ;

(b) the form in which an application for the registra­tion of a brand of a pesticide or for the renewal of registration shall be made, the information that shall be furnished therewith and the fee that shall ac­company it ;

(c) the procedure for the grant of certificates of regis­tration of brands of pesticides and renewal of such registration and the form of such certificates ;

(d) the language of the tags or label to be attached to the containers and packages containing pesticides and the character and location of the printing to be marked on such tags, labels and containers ;

(e) the functions of the Pesticides Laboratory and the procedures to be followed by it in the performance of such functions, including—

(i) safeguarding of the secrecy of the formulae of ,  any brands of pesticides disclosed to it;

(ii) collection of samples of pesticides for test or analysis ; and

(iii) the form in which its reports of tests or analysis shall be written ;

(f) the methods of analysis to be followed, and the limits of variability to be allowed, by the Govern­ment Analyst as between the information marked on the container or on a label attached thereto or sup­plied to the purchaser when sold in bulk, and the results of the analysis ;

(g) the qualifications and duties of the Government Analysts ;

(h) the form in which an intimation of the purpose for which a sample is taken by an Inspector shall be given by him to the person from whose possession   the sample is taken, the instruments to be employed, and the quantities to be taken, by an Inspector while taking samples for test or analysis and the manner in which they should be preserved and sent to the Government Analyst and the Federal Government ;

(i) the form in which an application shall be made by the purchaser of a pesticide to a Government Analyst for test or analysis of the pesticide, the manner in which a purchaser may send a pesticide for test or analysis to the Government Analyst, the information that shall be furnished with such application and the fee that shall accompany it;

(j) the pesticides that are generally detrimental or in­jurious to vegetation, domestic animals or public health even when used according to directions ;

(k) the pesticides that are to be labeled “ Poison “ and their antidotes ;

(l) the requirements for the safe storage of pesticides ;

(m) the quantities of different brands of pesticides which a person may hold in stock at any one time and the premises in which, and the conditions subject to which, he may hold them in stock ;

(n) the precautions for the protection of workers against risk of poisoning by pesticides arising from  their working—

(i) in connection with the use of such pesticides in agriculture ; or

(ii) on land on which such pesticides are being or have been used in agriculture ;

(o) the restrictions or conditions as to the purposes for which, the circumstances in which, or the methods or means by which, a pesticide may be used

(p) the restrictions or conditions involving a general prevention or limitation of the use of any pesticide in agriculture ;

(q) the provision, and keeping available and in good order, of facilities for washing and cleaning and of other things needed for protecting persons, clothing, equipment and appliances from contamination with pesticides or for removing sources of contamination therefrom ;

(r) the observance of precautions against poisoning by pesticides including the use of things provided in pursuance of the rules, and abstentions from eating, drinking and smoking in circumstances involving risk of poisoning by pesticides ;

(s) intervals between, or limitations of, periods of ex­posure to risk of poisoning by pesticides ;

(t) the observance of special precautions in the case of persons who, by reason of their state of health, age, or other circumstances, are subject to particular risk of poisoning by pesticides or of injury therefrom, or imposing, in case of persons so subject, prohibitions or restrictions on employment of workers :

(u) the measures for detecting and investigating cases in which poisoning by pesticides has occurred ;

(v) the provisions of effective facilities for prevention of poisoning by pesticides and first aid treatment; and

(w) the provision of instruction and training in the use of things provided in pursuance of the rules and in the observance of precautions against poisoning by pesticides.

30.  Delegation of powers. The Federal Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, direct that all or any of its powers under this Ordinance or the rules shall in such circumstances, and under such conditions, if any, as may be specified in the direction, be exercised also—

(a) by any officer or authority subordinate to the Federal Government, or

(b) by any Provincial Government or by any officer or authority subordinate to such Government.

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