PUNJAB SIKH ANAND KARAJ MARRIAGE ACT, 2018
(Act VI of 2018)
[20 March 2018]
An Act to provide for solemnization and
registration of Sikh marriages.
It is necessary to make provisions to regulate
Sikh marriages commonly known as Anand Karaj;
Be it enacted by Provincial Assembly of the
Punjab as follows:
1. Short title,
extent and commencement.–
(1) This Act may be cited as the Punjab Sikh Anand Karaj Marriage Act 2018.
(2) It extends
to whole of the Punjab.
(3) It shall come into
force at once.
In this Act:
“Act” means the
Punjab Sikh Anand Karaj Marriage Act 2018;
means the lawful union of a Sikh male and a Sikh female solemnized under the
Act and conducted in accordance with the practices of the Sikh religion,
where the four laavaan, permitted in the Sri
Guru Granth Sahib, are recited;
Certificate” means the certificate of a marriage issued by the Anand Karaj
the Chairman of a Union Council or Municipal Committee or any officer
authorized by the Government to perform the functions of the Chairman under
means Government of the Punjab;
“Granthi” means a
Sikh who recites the Guru Granth Sahib and
solemnizes a marriage between Sikhs;
means prescribed by rules;
“Sikh” means a
person who follows Sikh religion as a monotheistic Sikh religion and
believes in the scriptures of Guru Granth Sahib
and does not subscribe to any other religion; and
means the belief in Akalpurakh (One Eternal
Being), the ten Gurus from Guru Nanak to Guru Gobind
Singh and the acceptance of Guru Granth Sahib as
the Eternal-Living Guru.
3. Solemnization of
(1) A Sikh male and a Sikh female may contract a
marriage in accordance with Sikh religion, if the parties to the marriage:
are of sound mind and not below the age of
enter into marriage contract with their free and
full consent; and
are not related to each other in any degree of
consanguinity or affinity which, according to the customary law of Sikhs,
renders the marriage between them unlawful.
(2) Nothing in the Act
shall be deemed to validate any marriage between the persons who are related
to each other in any degree of consanguinity or affinity which would,
according to the customary law of Sikhs render a marriage between them
4. Saving of
Nothing in the Act shall affect the validity of any marriage duly solemnized
according to any other marriage ceremony customary among the Sikhs.
5. Registration of
(1) Every marriage between Sikhs shall be registered under the Act.
(2) For purposes
of the registration of the marriages under the Act, the Government, in the
prescribed manner, shall grant license to one or more persons professing
Sikh religion to be called Anand Karaj Registrar authorizing them to grant
Anand Karaj Certificate.
bridegroom and the bride or a Granthi shall fill the Anand Karaj Form and
present it, within thirty days of the marriage, to the Anand Karaj Registrar
for registration of the marriage and a copy thereof shall be sent to the
(4) The parties
to the marriage or the Granthi or any other person who solemnizes Anand
Karaj shall accurately fill all the columns of the Anand Karaj Form.
(5) On receipt of
the Anand Karaj Form, the Anand Karaj Registrar, having been satisfied that
the marriage has been duly solemnized under the Act, shall register the
marriage and issue the Anand Karaj Certificate.
(6) A marriage
which is not solemnized by the Anand Karaj Registrar shall, for the purpose
of registration under the Act, be reported, within thirty days of the
solemnization of the marriage, to him by the Granthi or the person who
solemnized the marriage.
(7) The Anand
Karaj Form, the register to be maintained by the Anand Karaj Registrar, the
records to be preserved by a Union Council, the manner in which the Anand
Karaj shall be registered, supply of the copies of Anand Karaj Certificate
and the fees to be charged therefor shall be such as may be prescribed.
contravenes the provisions of this section shall be punished, in the
prescribed manner, with fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees.
6. Dissolution of marriage.–
(1) Any party that wishes to dissolve the marriage shall give to the
Chairman, notice in writing of his or her intention to do so and shall
supply a copy thereof to the other party.
(2) Within thirty days of the receipt
of the notice under subsection (1), the Chairman shall constitute an
Arbitration Council in the prescribed manner for the purpose of bringing
about reconciliation between them and the Council shall take all steps
necessary to that effect.
(3) If the reconciliation is not
effected within ninety days from the date of the notice, the Chairman shall,
after the lapse of the ninety days, declare the marriage to have been
dissolved and issue the Certificate of the Dissolution of Marriage in the
7. Power to make rules.–
The Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, make rules
to carry out the purposes of the Act.
Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time
being in force, the provisions of this Act shall have effect.
9. Repeal and savings.–
(1) The Anand Marriage Act, 1909 (VII of 1909), in its application to
the Province of Punjab, is hereby repealed.
(2) Notwithstanding the repeal of the
said Act, anything done, action taken, rules or orders made under the
repealed Act, shall, so far they are not inconsistent with the provisions of
the Act, be deemed to have been done, taken, made or issued under the Act
and shall have effect accordingly.
(3) Any document referring to the
repealed Act shall be construed as referring to the corresponding provisions
of the Act.