Compulsory Primary Education Act, 1994
(Pb. Act IX of 1994)
An Act to provide for compulsory primary
education in the Province of the Punjab
Preamble.— Whereas it is expedient to
provide for compulsory primary education in the Punjab.
It is hereby enacted as follows:-
1. Short title, extent and
commencement.— (1) This Act may be called the Punjab Compulsory Primary
Education Act 1994.
(2) It shall extend to the
whole of the Punjab.
(3) It shall come into
force at once.
2. Definitions.— In this Act,
unless the context otherwise requires—
(a) ‘child’ means a child of either sex
whose age at the beginning of the school year is not less than five years
and not more than ten years;
(b) ‘parent’ includes a guardian or any
other person who has the custody of a child;
(c) ‘primary school’ means a school in
which primary education is imparted; and
(d) ‘primary education’ means education
pertaining to all or any of the classes I to V in a school.
3. Compulsory primary education.—
The parent of a child shall except in the case of a reasonable excuse cause
a child to attend a primary school until the child has completed the primary
4. Reasonable excuse for
non-attendance.— Reasonable excuse for the purpose of section 3 shall
include any of the following cases:-
Where the prescribed authority is satisfied that the child is incapable of
attending school by reason of sickness or infirmity or that by reason of the
child’s mental incapacity it is not desirable that the child should be
compelled to carry on his study further;
(b) Where the child is receiving
otherwise than in a school, instruction which in the opinion of the
prescribed authority, is sufficient; or
(c) Where there is no school within a
distance of two kilometers measured according to the nearest route from the
residence of the child.
5. School attendance authority.—
(1) Government may constitute one or more School Attendance Authorities for
the purposes of this Act.
(2) A School Attendance
Authority shall ensure that every child required to attend a school under
this Act attends a school and for this purpose it shall take such steps as
may be considered necessary by the Authority or as may be specified by
(3) Where a School
Attendance Authority is satisfied that a parent who is required under the
Act to cause a child to attend a school has failed to do so, the Authority,
after giving the parent an opportunity of being heard and after such
enquiries as it considers necessary, may pass an order directing the parent
to cause such child to attend a school on and from a date which shall be
specified in the order.
6. Offences.— (1) Any parent
who fails to comply with an order issued under sub-section (3) of section 5
shall on conviction before a Magistrate be punishable with fine which may
extend to two hundred rupees and with further fine which may extend to
twenty rupees for every day after the conviction for which the failure
continues or with imprisonment which may extend to one week or with both.
(2) Any parent of a child
or employer of such a child who, after receiving due warning from the School
Attendance Authority continues to employee a child whether on remuneration
or otherwise required under this Act to attend a School shall on conviction
before a Magistrate, be punishable with fine which may extend to five
hundred rupees and with a further fine which may extend to fifty rupees for
everyday after the conviction for which the non-attendance at a school
continues or with imprisonment which may extend to one month or with both.
(3) No Court shall take cognizance of any
offence under this Act except on a complaint in writing made by the School
7. Power to make rules.— The
Government may make rules for the purpose of carrying into effect the
provisions of this Act.
8. Repeal.— The Punjab Primary
Education Ordinance, 1962 (XXIX of 1962) is hereby repealed.
Act was passed by the Punjab Assembly on 21st November, 1994; assented
to by the Governor of the Punjab on 2nd December, 1994; and, was
published in the Punjab Gazette (Extraordinary), dated 5th December,
1994, Pages 257 to 259.