ROLE OF INVESTIGATION
ROLE OF INVESTIGATION The role of investigation is to find out the truth about a crime or an incident by following a systematic and logical process. An investigator is a person who conducts such an investigation, either as a police officer or a member of police staff. An investigator has various responsibilities and skills, depending on the type of investigation and the level of complexity. Some of the common roles of an investigator are: - Identifying lines of enquiry, which are the questions or issues that need to be answered or resolved in an investigation. Securing material, which is any information or object that may be relevant to the investigation, such as evidence, like documents, records, or exhibits. - Recording information, which is the process of documenting all the material obtained or generated in an investigation, using appropriate methods and formats. Producing a report, which is the written summary of the investigation including the findings conclusions, and recommendations. - Giving evidence, which is the act of presenting the material and information gathered in an investigation to a court or a tribunal, either orally or in writing. Retaining records, which is the duty of keeping all the material and information related to an investigation for a specified period of time, in accordance with the law and the policies. Some of the common skills of an investigator are: Analyzing evidence , which is the process of examining and interpreting the material collected in an investigation. using various methods and techniques. such as forensic science. digital analysis. financial investigation. - Interviewing witnesses and suspects, which is the technique of obtaining information from people who may have knowledge or involvement in an investigation, using ethical and legal principles and practices. - Conducting surveillance, which is the method of observing and monitoring the activities or movements of people or places that are relevant to an investigation, using covert or overt means²⁵ - Making arrests, which is the power of detaining a person who is suspected of committing a crime or an offence, using lawful authority and reasonable force. An investigator should be able to work independently and as part of a diverse team of professionals. An investigator should also be able to think critically and creatively, using investigative thinking . Investigative thinking is a way of approaching the investigative process using intentional and structured practices of tactical investigative response and strategic investigative thinking. (1) What is an investigation and the role of the investigator? - FutureLearn. https://www.futurelearn.com/info/courses/fraud-investigation-making-a-difference/0/steps/65541. (2) Investigation introduction | College of Policing. https://www.college.police.uk/app/investigation/investigation-introduction. (3) Chapter 1: Introduction – Introduction to Criminal Investigation .... https://pressbooks.bccampus.ca/criminalinvestigation/chapter/chapter-1-introduction/. (4) The Process Of Investigation: The Criminal Investigation Process. https://financialcrimeacademy.org/the-process-of-investigation/. (5) Criminal Investigator Job Description - Betterteam. https://www.betterteam.com/criminal-investigator-job-description.