COSTS OF LITIGATION ACT, 2017
An Act further to amend the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 and the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898
[Gazette of Pakistan, Extraordinary, Part-I, 27th May, 2017]
ACT NO. XVII OF 2017
No. F. 9(10)/2017-Legis., dated 26.5.2017–The following Act of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) received the assent of the President on 23rd May, 2017 and is hereby published for general information:–
WHEREAS it is expedient further to amend the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (V of 1908) and the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (V of 1898), for the purposes hereinafter appearing:
It is hereby enacted as follows:–
1. Short title, application and commencement.–(1) This Act may be called the Costs of Litigation Act 2017.
(2) It shall apply to the Islamabad Capital Territory.
(3) It shall come into force on such date as the Federal Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, specify and shall apply to such Courts in the Islamabad Capital Territory as the Federal Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, determine in this behalf and different dates may be specified in respect of different Courts.
2. Amendment of Act V of 1908.–In the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (V of 1908),
(1) for Section 35, the following shall be substituted, namely:–
“35. Costs.–(1) Subject to such conditions and limitations, as may be prescribed, and to the provisions of any law for the time being in force,–
(i) a party to any proceedings shall, before the announcement of final order, judgment or decree, file in the prescribed form, details of actual costs of litigation, including but not limited to Court fee, stamp fee, fee paid to counsel and all other ancillary or incidental expenses thereto;
(ii) the Court shall award the actual costs of litigation under clause (i) to the successful party with markup not exceeding the prescribed limit per annum, as notified by the State Bank of Pakistan, at the time of passing the order, judgment or decree;
(iii) the costs other than those mentioned in clause (i) shall be in the discretion of the Court; and
(iv) the Court shall have full power to determine out of what property such costs are to be paid and recovered and to give all necessary directions for the purposes aforesaid.
(2) The fact that the Court has no jurisdiction in respect of the proceedings shall be no bar to the exercise of such powers under this section”:
(II) for Section 35-A, the following shall be substituted, namely:–
“35-A. Adjournment costs.–If, on the date fixed for hearing in any proceedings, a party to the proceedings or any other person, despite service of notice, fails to appear or comply with any order of the Court or mandatory provision of the Code or any other law for the time being in force, seeks an adjournment for such purpose, the Court shall, for sufficient cause and reasons to be recorded, grant such adjournment on the condition that such party or person shall pay to the other party, costs of adjournment which shall not be less than five thousand Rupees per adjournment or such higher amount as may be prescribed from time to time:
Provided that if the Court is satisfied that the adjournment being sought is on account of unavoidable reasons beyond the control of the party concerned, which reasons shall be recorded by the Court, the Court may grant adjournment without imposing adjournment costs:
Provided further that if the Court finds that there is a tendency of seeking repeated adjournments by any party on such grounds, the Court may not grant adjournment without imposing the adjournment costs as the Court may deem fit.’’; and
(III) after Section 35-A, substituted as aforesaid, the following new Sections shall be inserted, namely:–
“35-B. Special costs.–(1) If in any proceedings, the Court finds that any averment made by any party is false or vexatious to the knowledge of such party, the Court shall award special costs to the opposite party against whom such averment has been made.
(2) The amount of any special costs awarded under sub-section (1) shall he taken into account in any subsequent suit for damages or compensation in respect of such claim or defence.
35-C. General provisions as to costs.–The Government shall not be liable to costs under Sections 35, 35-A and 35-B.
Explanation.–In Sections 35, 35-A and 35-B, the expression “proceedings” includes suit, appeal review, revision, execution or any other proceedings and any matter incidental thereto.”.
3. Amendment of Act V of 1898.–In the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (V of 1898),–
(I) the existing Section 200 shall be re-numbered as sub-section (1) thereof and,–
(i) in sub-section (1), re-numbered as aforesaid, in the proviso, after clause (aa), the following new clause (b) shall be inserted, namely:–
‘‘(b) Where a complainant is a Court or a public servant, the Court or a public servant, as the case may be, shall not be liable to adjournment costs under sub-section (2):’’; and
(ii) after sub-section (1), amended as aforesaid,
the following new sub-section shall be added, namely:-
“(2) Subject to provisions of Section 344, if on the date fixed for hearing in any proceedings, a party to a case or any other person, despite service of notice, fails to appear or comply with any order of the Court or mandatory provision of the Code or any other law for the time being in force, seeks an adjournment for such purpose, the Court may, for sufficient cause and reasons to be recorded, grant such adjournment on the condition that such party or person shall pay to the other party, adjournment costs which shall not be less than ten thousand rupees per adjournment or such higher amount as may be prescribed from time to time.”;
(II) in Section 250, in sub-section (2), for the words “twenty five thousand’’ the words “one hundred thousand” shall be substituted.”; and
(III) in Section 344, in sub-section (1), after the expression “‘terms” the commas and words”, including adjournment costs,” shall be inserted”.