MATERNITY AND PATERNITY LEAVE ACT, 2023
ACT NO. XXXI OF 2023
An Act to provide for the facility of maternity and paternity leave to the employees of public and private establishments under administrative control of the Federal Government
[Gazette of Pakistan, Extraordinary, Part-I, 21st June, 2023]
No. F. 23(12)/2020-Legis.–The following Act of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) received the assent of the President on the 20th June, 2023 is hereby published for general information:-
WHEREAS, it is expedient to provide for the facility of maternity and paternity leave to the employees of public and private establishments under administrative, control of the Federal Government and for the matters connected therewith and ancillary thereto;
It is hereby enacted as follows:–
- Short title, application and commencement.–(1) This Act shall be called the Maternity and Paternity Leave Act, 2023.
(2) It shall apply to all public and private establishments under administrative control of the Federal Government wherever they may be.
(3) It shall come into force at once.
- Definitions.–In this Act, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context,–
(a) “child” for the purposes of this Act, means a child in the womb of a pregnant employee or wife of the male employee and includes a still born;
(b) “employee” means any natural person who has for pay, wages or other benefits, entered into, or works under, a contract of service or apprenticeship on regular basis without limit of period with an employer whether by way of manual labour, clerical work or otherwise and whether the contract is expressed or implied, oral or in writing;
(c) “establishment” means any ministry, division, attached department, subordinate office, executive department, public or private organization, firm, corporation, autonomous or semi-autonomous body, body corporate, enterprise, company, industry, factory or such other, office or institution, by whatever name called for, and under administrative control of the Federal Government;
(d) “employer” includes Federal Government or any ministry or division or department or office of the Federal Government or anybody of persons whether incorporated or not, any managing agent of an employer and the legal representatives of a deceased employer and where the services of a workman are temporarily lent or let on hire to another person by the person with whom the workman has into a contract of service or apprenticeship and such other person having employed a workman working for him; and
(e) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act.
- Right to maternity leave.–(1) Maternity leave shall in the prescribed manner be granted on full pay outside the leave account to a female employee on her option to the extent of one hundred and eighty days on first birth, one hundred and twenty days on second birth and ninety days on third birth from the date of commencement thereof.
(2) Such maternity leave may not be granted for more than three time in the entire service of the female employee except when such leave is granted within her leave account due and admissible to her or as an extra ordinary leave without pay.
- Paternity leave.–(1) A male employee expecting his wife to give birth to a child shall, at his option, be granted paternity leave on full pay not exceeding thirty days outside his leave account from the date of its commencement.
(2) Such paternity leave may not be granted for more than three times in the entire service of the male employee except when such leave is granted within his leave account due and admissible to him or as an extra ordinary leave without pay.
- Offence and punishment.–A person who contravenes any provision of this Act shall be deemed to have committed an offence punishable with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to six months or a fine which may extend to one hundred thousand rupees or with both.
- Act to override other laws.–The provisions of this Act shall have effect notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force.
- Power to make rules.–The Federal Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, make rules to carry out the purposes of this Act.
- Removal of difficulty.–If any difficulty arises in giving effect to any provision of this Act, the Federal Government may make such order not inconsistent, with the provisions of this Act as may be necessary to remove the difficulty.