PUNJAB ANIMAL HEALTH ACT 2019
ACT XXXII OF 2019
An Act to
regulate the prevention, control, containment and eradication of scheduled
necessary to enact law for prevention, control, containment and eradication
of animal diseases
the international standards of import and export of animals and animal
products and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
Be it enacted
by Provincial Assembly of the Punjab as follows:
1. Short title, extent and commencement.–
(1) This Act may be cited as the Punjab Animal Health Act 2019.
extends to whole of the Punjab.
shall come into force at once.
In this Act:
“Act” means the Punjab Animal Health Act 2019;
“animal” includes cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, camel, horse, ass, mule,
wild animal’s poultry, pheasant, quail, geese, ostrich, zoo birds; and any
other animal or bird as the Government may, by notification, specify;
“animal market” means a place where persons assemble for the sale and
purchase of livestock or animals and includes any place which may be
notified as an animal market under the local government law for the time
being in force;
“animal product” means anything originating or made, whether in whole or in
part, from an animal or from a carcass and includes blood, bones, casings,
dairy products, eggs, fat, feedstuffs of animal origin, fish products, hair
hides, horns, hooves, hormones and their biological preparations and other
substances of animal origin which may be specified by the Government;
“animal welfare” means the condition in which an animal is required to be
kept in view of its physical and mental needs;
“carcass” means the carcass of an animal and includes any part or portion
“check post” means any site declared as such by the Government to carry out
checking of animals for purposes of the Act;
‘Chief Veterinary Officer’ means an officer designated as such by the
Government for purposes of the Act;
“competent officer” means an officer authorized to perform functions under
"compulsory vaccination" means vaccination of any animal against any
scheduled disease in respect of which vaccination is made mandatory under
the provisions of the Act;
“Department” means Livestock and Dairy Development Department of the
“diseased” means suffering from or carrying any infectious or contagious
disease or such disease as included in the schedule;
Government” means Government of the Punjab;
“infected animal" means an animal which is infected with any scheduled
has recently been in contact with, or in close proximity to an animal so
“person” includes a
company or other entity incorporated under any law for the time being in
“person in charge of an animal” means the owner of the animal or any other
person for the time being in possession or custody of the animal;
"prescribed" means prescribed by the rules or the regulations made or framed
under the Act;
"quarantine unit" means a site or premises provided to be declared by the
authorized officer for segregation and examination of apparently healthy
animals before entry and exit from the controlled area;
the regulations framed under the Act;
“rules” means the rules made under this Act;
"Schedule" means the Schedule appended to the Act;
“scheduled disease” means any disease included in the Schedule appended to
“traceability” means the methods and tools used for linking the
identification of live animals and the products of animal origin;
“vaccination certificate” means a certificate issued by the authorized
officer after inoculation of vaccine; and
includes every vehicle used as a means of transport.
Declaration of controlled areas.–
(1) The Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, declare an
area to be a disease-free area or an eradication area in respect of any
notification shall be issued after a general survey or such other checks as
may be found necessary, which shall be publicly available.
notification under subsection (1) shall remain valid for a period of five
years unless modified, varied or annulled before that period due to
occurrence of a disease in a disease-free area or increase in disease in an
Delimitation of a disease-free area or an eradication area shall be made in
a manner that entry of animals in the area is effectively controlled.
The areas subject to a notification under subsection (1),
shall collectively be called controlled areas.
Contents of a disease-free area notification.–
(1) Where the Government declares an area as a disease-free area, it
shall specify in the notification:
disease(s) of which the area is completely free;
certification that is required in order to move an animal into the area; and
where regular checking shall take place.
Where an area has been declared to be a disease-free area, the Government
shall have the status of the area verified through independent inspectors
once in every five years period.
Contents of eradication area notification.–
(1) Where the Government declares an area as an eradication
area, it shall specify in the notification:
disease(s) of which the area is substantially free;
certification that is required in order to move an animal into or out of the
areas where regular checking shall take place.
Where an area has been declared as an eradication area, the Government shall
take such measures, including vaccination, disease treatment or culling, as
are necessary for complete eradication of the disease from that area.
6. Identification of animals for purposes of certification.–
(1) The Government shall prescribe by rules or regulations mechanism for
traceability of animals including but not limited to:
the time of marking identification;
the maintenance of information regarding marked
animals or animals carrying identification; and
the passport that an animal shall carry when
entering a disease-free area or eradication area for purposes of the Act.
Any person who violates any provision of the rules or the regulations made
or framed under subsection (1), shall be guilty of an offence punishable
with fine which may extend to rupees two hundred thousand.
7. Vaccination and other preventive measures with regard to
(1) All animals in a controlled area shall be subjected to compulsory
vaccination against such scheduled diseases and such other preventive
measures, in such manner and within such time as may be provided in a
notification to be issued by the Government.
Where an area has been declared as a disease-free area, no animal of any
other susceptible species, with regard to which it is a disease-free area,
shall be allowed to enter into that area unless duly immunized by
vaccination against that particular disease.
Where samples are taken for identification of diseases from a controlled
area, they shall be checked from a laboratory which the Government may
notify after the requisite quality checks.
Movement into and removal of animals from controlled areas.–
The Government shall by regulations provide for:
regulating the movement of animals generally and into or out of a disease
free or an eradication area;
regulating the grazing of animals for purposes of disease control;
removal or disposal of carcasses of diseased animals;
removal of fodder, litter, dung or any article which has had contact with
diseased animals and may cause the spread of a disease;
prescribing and regulating the issue and production of licenses respecting
movement and removal of animals and the use of vessels or vehicles for
carrying animals or for any connected purpose; and
of expenses from an owner of an animal for enforcing the regulations framed
under this section.
Cleansing and disinfection.–
The Government shall by regulations provide for:
cleansing and disinfection of places used for holding or arranging animal
fairs, animal markets, animal exhibitions, or of places of animals, sheds
and stables used for animals;
cleansing and disinfection of vehicles, vessels and aircraft used for
disinfection of clothes of a person coming in contact with or employed about
diseased animals or suspected animals; and
of cleansing and disinfection.
Duty of certain persons to report the existence of scheduled diseases.–
(1) In every controlled area, a report that an
animal is infected by one or more scheduled disease(s), shall be made to the
local veterinary officer by:
every person in charge of an animal who comes to
know that an animal is infected;
every veterinary practitioner who is called for
veterinary treatment or to whom an animal is brought for treatment;
every veterinary assistant who visits an animal
for provision of any veterinary service; and
every person who is in charge of certifying
animal health in a public or private slaughter house.
The veterinary officer to whom report has been made under subsection (1),
shall immediately transmit the same to the Chief Veterinary Officer where
the report indicates that an animal afflicted with a disease has been found
in an area which was free of that disease.
The veterinary officer in addition to transmitting the report mentioned in
subsection (2), shall immediately proceed to the
place where the reported animal is present and determine whether the report
is authentic and whether any measures are required to be taken to ensure
control of disease.
The veterinary officer shall intimate the measures to be taken to ensure
control of disease to the Additional Director Livestock and the person in
charge of the infected animal.
Separation of animals.–
(1) Every person having in his possession or under his charge an animal
affected with disease shall as far as practicable keep that animal separate
from animals not so affected and shall abide by any instructions given to
him by the local veterinary officer for control of disease.
The Government may by regulations provide for the manner of separation of
animals suspected of diseases and rendering of information regarding such
Any person other than a person having a duty to report the existence of
disease under section 7(1), who comes to know that an animal is affected by
rabies, shall give notice of the fact with all practicable promptness to the
nearest police officer.
(1) The Government shall issue regulations to provide
for appropriate biosecurity measures to be taken in relation to Foot and
Mouth Disease and such other diseases as may require such measures.
The biosecurity measures under subsection (1),
shall be issued after appropriate consultation with biosecurity experts.
Authorization as Competent Officers.–
The Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, authorize such
number of officers, to undertake such powers under the Act in specified
local limits of their respective jurisdiction, as may be specified in the
Vaccination and issuance of vaccination certificate.–
(1) The Government may by notification in the official Gazette require that
one or more vaccinations in a controlled area or outside of it shall be
administered by such officers or officials as may be notified.
Where vaccination has been carried out by a notified officer or official,
such officer or official shall issue a certificate in the prescribed manner.
Check posts and quarantine units.–
(1) The Chief Veterinary Officer may declare as many quarantine units within
the province as may be required for the quarantine of animals suffering from
any scheduled disease or suspected of being in close proximity of such
animals, and the quarantine unit in the close proximity of a controlled area
shall act as temporary animal stay before entry or exit from such controlled
Any animal required to be inspected, vaccinated, or marked may be kept in
the quarantine unit for such period as the competent officer may direct.
The officer in charge of the quarantine unit shall, at the time of release
of an animal from the station, grant a certificate, in such form as may be
prescribed by the Department, to the person taking charge of the animal, and
every such person shall be bound to produce the certificate whenever
required to do so by the competent officer.
Welfare of animals.–
(1) The Government may, by regulations, provide for:
holding, feeding and treatment of animals which
is necessary for animal welfare;
use of animals for transport;
prevention of cruelty to animals;
prevention of neglect to animals; and
charges which a person shall be liable to pay on account of a local
government or any other organization providing for animals which have been
subjected to cruelty or neglect by him or by persons acting under his
violation of the regulations framed under subsection (1), shall be
punishable with fine which may extend to rupees fifty thousand, and in case
of cruelty, it shall also be punishable with imprisonment which may extend
to three months.
Powers of entry and inspection.–
The Additional Director livestock
concerned or an officer authorized by him may inspect animals kept in
open area, close premises, building, vessel or vehicle for the purpose of
ensuring compliance of the provisions of the Act, the rules or the
regulations made or framed thereunder.
Powers to hold post-mortem examination.–
Where a competent officer, has reason to believe that the death of an animal
has been caused by an infection with any scheduled disease, he may make or
cause to be made a post-mortem examination of the animal and for that
purpose he may cause the carcass of any such animal to be exhumed wherever
required followed by the proper disposal after necessary examination and
Enforcement of orders and disposal of carcass.–
Where a person or authority is required to take any measures regarding an
animal or carcass of an animal in his custody or charge, by any rules,
regulations, notification, notice, requisition, order or direction made
under the Act, the owner or the person in custody shall immediately do the
that in case of a stray or ownerless animal, carcass of such animal or parts
thereof, the same shall be immediately disposed of by the local government
Prohibition for throwing infected animal or carcass in river, etc.–
Whoever throws or causes or permits to throw in any river, lake, canal
or any other water channel, the carcass or any part of the carcass of any
animal which at the time of its death was known to be infected, shall be
guilty of an offence which shall be punished, in case offence committed for
the first time, with fine which may extend to fifteen thousand rupees and
in case of non-payment of fine with imprisonment of one month and in case of
any subsequent offence with a fine which may extend to twenty five thousand
rupees or imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months or with
Prevention of escape of causative organism.–
(1) In very institution or laboratory engaged in the manufacture, testing or
research related to vaccines, sera, diagnostics or chemotherapeutic drugs
aimed at the prevention or treatment of any scheduled disease, adequate
precautionary measures shall be taken to:
ensure that the causative organism of any scheduled disease does not escape
or otherwise get released;
guard against any such escape or release; and
and protect all concerned in the event of any escape.
Every person who is in charge of or has the control of an institution,
laboratory or clinic referred in subsection (1), shall comply with the
provisions of subsection (1) and in the event of non-compliance, he shall be
guilty of an offence punishable with fine which may extend to twenty
thousand rupees or imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months or
with both, and in case the establishment is in commercial manufacturing of
vaccines or medicine, a temporary suspension of license up to a period of
Any animal infected with a scheduled disease, particularly of zoonotic
disease, shall be segregated for observation and if required shall be
euthanized upon approval by the Additional Director livestock concerned to
prevent spread of disease to other animals in best interest of public
order to prevent spread of causative organism, no organization or
institution shall hold any animal market, animal fare,
animal exhibition or carry any other activity which involves grouping
or gathering of any species of animals within a notified controlled area
without permission of the Chief Veterinary Officer.
Any person who contravenes the provisions of the Act, except sections 16 and
17, or obstructs any competent officer in performance of his duties shall be
guilty of an offence punishable with fine which may extend to ten thousand
rupees and in case of non-payment of fine with an imprisonment for a term
which may extend to one month; and in the case of any subsequent offence,
with a fine of twenty thousand rupees and in case of non-payment of fine
with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two months.
23. The Tribunal.–
(1) An offence punishable under the Act shall be exclusively
triable by the Tribunal constituted under
section 38 of the Punjab Livestock Breeding Act 2014 (XIII of 2014), in
accordance with the provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure 1898 (V of
1898), as if the Tribunal were a court of sessions.
(2) The Tribunal may try an offence under the Act in a
summary manner in terms of Chapter XXII of the Code of Criminal Procedure
1898 (V of 1898).
24. Cognizance of offence.–
The Tribunal shall not take cognizance of an offence punishable under the
Act except on the complaint of the Deputy Director Livestock concerned.
Any person aggrieved by a final order of the Tribunal may, within thirty
days from the date of communication of the sentence, prefer an appeal to
Lahore High Court.
A suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall not lie against an
officer of the Livestock and Dairy Development Department of the Government
for anything done or intended to be done in good faith under the Act.
Power to amend the Schedule.–
The Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, add to, or omit
from the Schedule any animal disease.
Power to remove difficulties.–
(1) If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of the Act,
the Government may, within two years of the enactment of the Act, by
notification in the Official Gazette, make such provisions, not inconsistent
with the provisions of the Act, as appear necessary for removing the
Every notification issued under subsection (1) shall, as soon as may be
after its issuance, be laid before Provincial Assembly of the Punjab.
Power to make rules.–
The Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules for
carrying out the provisions of the Act.
Power to frame regulations.–
Subject to the Act and the rules, the Government or the Department, by
notification in the Official Gazette, may frame regulations for carrying out
the provisions of the Act.
Repeal and savings.–
(1) The Glanders and Farcy Act, 1899 and
the Dourine Act, 1910 in their application to Punjab are hereby repealed.
Notwithstanding the repeal of the Acts under subsection (1), the repeal
affect the previous operation of any such
provision of law or anything duly done or suffered thereunder;
affect any right, privilege, obligation or
liability acquired, accrued or incurred under any such provision of law;
affect any penalty, forfeiture or punishment
incurred in respect of any offence committed against any such provision of
affect any investigation, legal proceeding or remedy in respect of any such
right, privilege, obligation, liability, penalty, forfeiture or punishment
as aforesaid; and every such investigation, legal proceeding or remedy may
be continued, instituted or enforced, and any such penalty, forfeiture and
punishment may be imposed, as if the aforesaid provisions of law had
Anything done or any action taken under any provision of the repealed Acts,
including any notification, order, notice or receipt issued or declaration
made, shall in so far as it is not inconsistent with the provisions of the
Act, be deemed to have been done, taken, issued or made under the
corresponding provisions of the Act, and shall continue in force
accordingly, unless and until superseded by anything done or any action
taken under the Act.
sections 2(u) & section 27]
Encephalopathy (Mad Cow)
Buffalo Pox/Cow Pox
Foot and Mouth
des Petits Ruminants (PPR)
Sheep and Goat Pox