Q: What is the meaning of section 174?
A: 174. Police to inquire to report in suicide, etc.:
(1) The officer in-charge of a police station or some other police officer specially empowered by the Provincial Government in that behalf, on receiving information that a person-
(a) Has committed suicide, or
(b) Has been killed by another, or by an animal, or by machinery, or by an accident, or
(c) Has died under circumstances raising a reasonable suspicion that some other person has committed an offence,
shall immediately give intimation thereof to the nearest Magistrate empowered to hold (inquests and unless otherwise directed by any rule prescribed by the Provincial Government, shall proceed to the place where the body, of such deceased person is, and there, in the presence of two or more respectable inhabitants of the neighborhood, shall make an investigation, and draw up a report of the apparent cause of death, describing such wounds, fractures, bruises and other marks of injury as may be found oil the body. and stating in what manner, or by what weapons- or instrument (if any), such marks appear to have been inflicted.
(2) The report shall be signed by such police officer and other persons, or by so many of them as concur therein, and shall be forthwith forwarded to the [concerned] Magistrate.
(3) When there is any doubt regarding the cause of death or when for any other reason the police-officer considers it expedient so to do, the shall, subject to such rules as the Provincial Government may prescribe in this behalf, forward the body, with a view to its being examined, to the nearest Civil Surgeon, or other qualified medical man appointed in this behalf by the Provincial Government, if the state of the weather and the distance admits of its being so forwarded without risk of such putrefaction on the road as would render such examination useless.
(4) [Omitted by A.O., 1949, Sch.]
(5) [The Magistrates of the First Class are empowered to hold inquests.
This FAQ is prepared by Sadia Saman Advocate